Issues Facing Indigenous Women

Indigenous Women (1)
  • First NationsMétisand Inuit women (collectively referred to as Indigenous women) face many socio-economic issues today because of the effects of colonization.
  • Moreover, social, economic and political marginalization, as well as racial stereotyping, discrimination, and the loss of culture, language and often pride, left Indigenous people in Canada with little social or political power.
  • The prevalence of low income among the following groups of females is particularly high:
    • Aboriginal females with registered or Indian treaty status — 32.3%6
    • First Nations females — 34.3%
    • Métis females — 21.8%
    • Inuk (Inuit) females — 28%
    • Immigrant women (refers to those who immigrated to Canada between 2011 and May 10, 2016) — 31.4%
  • Aboriginal women are killed at six times the rate of non-aboriginal women. Although mortality rates have improved over the last two decades, life expectancy for Indigenous people is less than that of the overall Canadian population. Indigenous peoples also continue to suffer a higher infant mortality rate.

 

  1. Statistics Canada, 2016 Census of Population, Catalogue no. 98-400-X2016173. Aboriginal Identity (9), Individual Low-income Status (6), Low-income Indicators (4), Registered or Treaty Indian Status (3), Age (6) and Sex (3) for the Population in Private Households of Canada, Provinces and Territories, Census Metropolitan Areas and Census Agglomerations.
  2. Statistics Canada, 2016 Census of Population, Catalogue no. 98-400-X2016206. Immigrant Status and Period of Immigration (11), Individual Low-income Status (6), Low-income Indicators (4), Age (6) and Sex (3) for the Population in Private Households of Canada, Provinces and Territories, Census Metropolitan Areas and Census Agglomerations.
  3. The Canadian Encyclopedia. 2020. Health of Indigenous Peoples in Canada. https://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/en/article/aboriginal-people-health
  4. The Canadian Encyclopedia. 2020. Indigenous Women’s issues in Canada. https://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/en/article/native-womens-issues